ALL+互動英語 2021年02月號 第195期 PDF電子雜誌下載

ALL+互動英語 2021年02月號 第195期

  • 刊別:月刊
  • 出版地區:台灣
  • 語言:繁體中文
  • 出版社:希伯崙
  • 出版日期:2021/02/01

封面故事

The Trans-Siberian Railway: A Journey through Time
西伯利亞鐵路:穿越時間之旅
Jay Sailors
2/4 (THU)
Arguably the most famous of all the historic rail lines, the Trans-Siberian Railway crosses most of Russia, connecting Moscow to the Pacific port of Vladivostok. Built between 1891 and 1916, the line brought huge economic benefits to the country upon completion and still provides a unique, inspiring travel experience to this day.
The railway is a triumph of engineering, but construction was no easy task. Workers had to dig tunnels through mountains and build bridges over 16 major rivers. The result was a railway more than 9,000 kilometers long that amazed the world and became a source of national pride. Today, it’s still the world’s longest railway, spanning eight time zones and taking seven full days to travel.
The railway was originally intended5 to transport goods across Russia, thereby expanding trade with East Asia. This, it was argued, would contribute to Russia’s growing political and economic power. While it remains an important transport link, carrying 30 percent of Russia’s yearly exports, the railway has also become an increasingly popular tourist attraction. Needless to say, the majority of passengers are locals traveling across Russia, but the route attracts plenty of foreigners too. One look at the photographs these travelers have taken and it’s easy to see why this is the case.
西伯利亞鐵路可說是所有具歷史意義的鐵道線中最著名的,它橫跨俄羅斯大半國土,連接莫斯科和海參崴這個太平洋港口。這條鐵路線建於一八九一年至一九一六年間,一竣工就為這個國家帶來龐大的經濟利益,直到今天仍提供著獨特且激勵人心的旅遊體驗。
這條鐵路是工程上的傑出成就,但建造並非易事。工人得挖掘穿越山脈的隧道,並在十六條主要河流上興建橋樑。成果是一條超過九千公里長的鐵路、讓世人讚嘆不已且成為民族自豪感的來源。今天,它仍是世界上最長的鐵路,跨越八個時區,且需要七天七夜才能走完。
這條鐵路原本是準備用來將貨物運輸至俄羅斯各地,從而擴展與東亞的貿易。有人認為這能促成俄羅斯不斷增長的政治及經濟實力。儘管西伯利亞鐵路仍然是重要的交通樞紐,運送俄羅斯每年百分之三十的出口商品,但也逐漸成為熱門的觀光景點。當然,大多數的乘客都是往來俄羅斯各地的當地人,但這條路線也吸引許多外國人。只要看一眼這些旅客拍的照片,就很容易了解為什麼會如此。2/5 (FRI)
As trains pull out of Moscow, passengers can’t help but turn their gaze to the ever-changing landscape. It’s time to relax and enjoy the scenery.
Perhaps the most famous spot along the route is Lake Baikal, the world’s deepest lake. If you’re feeling particularly daring during the train’s brief stop there, you can dash down to the lakeside to plunge a limb into the icy water for good luck. Just don’t get left behind! Of course, you could always stay longer at this stunning location in Irkutsk, which offers outdoor activities ranging from hiking to dogsledding.
Those more interested in history and architecture might like to visit Yekaterinburg or Kazan. The former hosts the golden-domed Church upon the Blood, which marks the place where the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, and his wife and children were murdered during the Bolshevik Revolution. And the latter contains the Kazan Kremlin, the only remaining Tatar fortress. Within its walls is the spectacular Kul Sharif Mosque, whose delicately patterned white-and-turquoise interior is well worth seeing.
For many, though, the train itself defines the experience. Even in an age of low-cost airfares, the Trans-Siberian Railway remains at the top of many bucket lists, and for good reason: it is, in a very real sense, a journey through time.
當火車駛離莫斯科,乘客會忍不住將目光轉向不斷變換的景色。該是放輕鬆、享受美景的時候了。
或許沿途最知名的景點就是貝加爾湖,世界最深的湖。假如你在火車短暫停留該處時感到特別大膽,你可以衝向湖邊,把手或腳伸入冰冷的湖水來求好運。只是不要沒搭上車!當然,你隨時可以在這個位於伊爾庫次克的絕美地點待久一點,它所提供的戶外活動從徒步旅行到狗拉雪橇都有。
對歷史和建築比較感興趣的人或許會想造訪葉卡捷琳堡(編註:亦稱「凱瑟琳堡」)或喀山。前者有金色圓頂的葉卡捷琳堡諸聖堂,這裡是俄國最後一位沙皇尼古拉二世和他的妻小於十月革命時遭到殺害的地方。後者則有喀山克里姆林宮——僅存的韃靼堡壘,城牆內有壯麗的庫爾沙里夫清真寺,其內部裝飾著白色與藍綠色相間的精美圖案,很值得一看。
然而,對許多人來說,火車本身就能定義旅遊體驗。即使在這個機票價格低廉的時代,西伯利亞鐵路仍然名列在許多人畢生的願望清單上,理由很充分:在非常真實的意義上,它是一趟穿越時間的旅行。

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